For LGBTQ2+ Communities
Developing Mental Health Concerns:
- Vincke, De Rycke, and Bolton (1999) identified a link between the chronic stress experienced by many gay men and higher rates of depression (as cited in Banks, 2003).
- Most psychological problems experienced by gay men and lesbians are the result of:
- Coping with negative reactions if they are open about their sexual orientation, or
- Keeping their sexual orientation hidden and fear of disclosure if they are not.
- Based on studies of the incidence of depression in LGB and non-LGB populations, members of the LGB communities are more than twice as likely to experience depression as their heterosexual peers (Banks, 2003).
Banks, Christopher. (2003). The Cost of Homophobia: Literature Review on the Human Impact of Homophobia in Canada. [Saskatoon, SK: Gay and Lesbian Health Services.]
Harris Interactive and GLSEN (2005). From Teasing to Torment: School Climate in America, A Survey of Students and Teachers. [New York: GLSEN.]
Mallon, G.P. (1994). Counselling Strategies for Gay and Lesbian Youth in Helping Gay and Lesbian Youth: New Policies, New Programs, New Practice. Decrescenzo, T. (Ed). Haworth Press. 75 – 91.
Patton, C. (2005). Anti-Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Violence in 2004: A Report of the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs. [National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs. New York, NY.]
Sullivan, C., Sommer, S., and Moff, J. (2001). Youth in the Margins: A Report on the Unmet Needs of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Adolescents in Foster Care. [New York: Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund.]
Connoley, R. (2005) Statistics of GLB Homelessness. The Safe Schools Coalition [Online]
Taylor, Catherine et al. (2011). Every Class in Every School: Final Report on the First National Climate Survey on Homophobia, Biphobia, and Transphobia in Canadian Schools [Online]